Internet of Things (IOT) technology and sensors to improve environmental areas
IoT technology towards environmental areas cannot be over emphasized. Since its inception towards many activities it has brought a tremendous change in medical, healthcare, building, agriculture, retail and first responders to mention a few. Below are some the benefits and challenge IoT has brought to the improvement to the environmental area.
Sensors to monitor mountain movements: Geological monitoring involves taking repeated measurements in order to detect long-term change. Monitoring data can be used to help land managers assess whether changes in a geologic resource are within a normal range of variation, or if the observed changes dictate a corrective action in management practices.
Storfjorden in Norway is one of the most spectacular natural sights in the world, but a large part of the adjacent mountain, estimated to around 80 million m3 threatens to slide into the fjord in the near future. This will result in a tsunami, which will trigger waves up to 80 meters. The village of Hellesylt (the picture above) will be hit by the waves and Geiranger will suffer the same fate.
Geologists are using sensors to monitor mountain movements in order to predict and reduces the risks of a catastrophe in the event of a natural disaster on the west coast of Norway.
Prevention of the natural disaster: Nowadays the climate and the atmospheric condition are changing significantly. This has to a large extent, been either manmade or been a result of natural means. The “Hurricane Irma” may have been caused by man’s activity as a means of survival but thanks to the great invasion of IoT on environmental areas was used to detect to help citizens of the state of Florida evacuate from being harmed by flood during the event. It is also found or discovered that IoT technology on environmental areas can be used to detect earthquakes.
Zizmos is a software company which is known to be a cost-effective cloud connected seismic network- a startup that began as a research project at Stanford, uses the internet to connect thousands of sensors to cloud-based servers. Those sensors are detecting motion close to an earthquakes epicenter and transmitting data out to centers that can issue a warning to residents.
Sensors detecting environmental pollution: With the aid of IoT on environmental areas, portable devices are manufactured to detect environmental pollution. For instance, in Shell Oil and Gas company before any investigation of its pipe leakage, an air check is carried out in the region to detect harmful gas and if there is, a developed plan will be deployed to mitigate the event and check its root cause.
Air quality detection: In the industrial sector, IoT technology may predict and help improve the quality of air in a region, with the formulation of regulatory policies.
Water/Fluid Management: Water is a part of the environmental bodies, which is essential to human life. And proper management must be formulated to manage properly in order to avoid waste. How can IoT technology play a role in this topic? Water/fluid can be prevented from leakage especially if they are transported through the help of irrigated systems, and so this irrigated system can be monitored with the help of IoT technology developed sensors to prevent spill.
This type of applications in agriculture has the ability, through deployment of sensors and actuators to provide farmers with an increased visibility over their operation, allowing them to optimize water usage and minimize waste by assessing a number of metrics including temperature, water pressure and quality. In the oil and gas industries, sensor detectors have been put in place to checkmate spillage and even a tool for security (oil theft) of pipeline.
Drones for planting (from deforestation to reforestation): IoT in environmental areas has tremendously increased this sector in terms of deforestation and promote availability of the growing world population. This has increased planting of trees using technology scale reforestation.
Driverless tractors and drones attempt to grow crops without humans setting foot on the land will potentially increase profit, and greatly improved the atmospheric condition of the environment by increased oxygen quality from trees. With the use of drones to cultivate seeds, farming system has been made easy; this in turn may reduce labor and timing to monitor the growth of these plants.
The goal is to ensure that the right species are being planted at the right spots with the highest yield proportion while protecting the biodiversity. These drones will then plant biodegradable, nutrient rich seed pods. This practice will create limitation over greenhouse gas emission.